Tissue injury in the intestinal tract from infection, lead to inflammation (gastritis, duodenitis and colitis) along the gastrointestinal tract. A leaky gut or permeability of the intestines to foreign proteins into the blood stream occurs. These foreign proteins may activate the immune system and lead to conditions such as psoriasis, Crohn’s , Colitis, Celiac and new blood vessel rashes as a result of chemical (interleukins and inflammatory mediators such as Tumor necrosis factor)
The nutritional goals in patients with tick infections includes providing adequate absorption and tolerance of food, maintaining intestinal integrity, favorably altering flora and regulating the immune system favorably.
In providing nutrition for enhanced absorption and tolerance, it is noted that whey protein empties faster than casein which is important in gut motility issues. Casein delays gastric emptying and may lead to more episodes of vomiting in patients with neurological and CNS conditions.
Lyme may trigger Inflammatory bowel disease and celiac in those with a genetic predisposition. Blood testing for these conditions are available and nutrient monitoring of albumin, protein, folate, calcium and fat are important. Zinc and iron deficiencies should also be addressed.
To alter the Gastrointestinal tract favorably and minimize clostridium difficile overgrowth and yeast overgrowth, prebiotics and probiotics are helpful. Probiotics are live bacteria which add to the growth of bacteria which establish good colon health. The best sources of Prebiotics include foods such as bananas, garlic, onions, leeks, whole grain wheat products, asparagus and tomato products which promote the growth of bifidobacter and lactobacillus acidophilus in the colon.
To down regulate inflammation in patients with immune activation conditions, foods high in omega three oils are beneficial. Good sources of omega three fats include salmon, herring, tuna, walnuts and almonds.