- Exercise: Maintaining an active lifestyle can keep your body healthy, in proper shape, and functioning correctly.
- Weight: Obesity has been linked to an increased risk for many different types of cancers, though the reason behind this correlation is unclear. Maintaining a healthy body weight can help reduce your risk for such cancers.
- Diet: Eating healthy can provide your body with all the different nutrients it needs to function properly. Having the right balance of nutrients can help reduce stress on your body and boost healthy antioxidants, which help prevent DNA mutations.
- Avoid smoking: This is one of the most important ways to prevent getting oral, lung, and many other types of cancer. Tobacco contains known carcinogens that introduce dangerous mutations into your DNA. Smoking is an unnecessary risk to your health that is completely avoidable. Even hookah and electronic cigarettes can lead to cancer, despite some common misconceptions about their safety. The first step is to avoid commencing the habit of smoking in the first place. But, if you are already addicted to tobacco products, you should seek help and support for quitting the habit. Even long-term smokers can reduce their risk for smoking-associated cancers, by quitting permanently.
- Drink moderately: Heavy drinking over time has been linked to different types of cancers, such as liver, kidney, lung, breast, and colon cancer. According to the American Cancer Society, alcohol is known to cause oral cancer, breast cancer, liver cancer, and cancers affecting the gastrointestinal tract.
- Use sun protection: Protecting your skin from damaging UV rays of the sun is also an essential step in preventing cancer. Skin cancer is becoming increasingly common and can be prevented by using sunscreen, wearing UV blocking sunglasses, avoiding tanning beds, and limiting sun exposure.
- Stay up-to-date on immunizations: There are multiple types of cancer associated with different viral infections. Important vaccines are hepatitis B that can help prevent liver cancer and the human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine that can help prevent multiple types of cancer including cervical cancer.
By getting regular medical checkups, you can ensure you are in good health and catch health issues early, if they should arise. Early detection is one of the most important factors towards treating cancer. The earlier it is diagnosed, the better is the prognosis. Conducting self-examinations of your skin, breasts, and testicles, are also important tools for early detection.